The basic strategy of BlackJack consists of a series of rules that mark what decision should be taken taking into account the dealer’s card and the player’s hand to obtain the greatest possible long-term benefit.
It can be believed that in a BlackJack game the most important decision the player must make is knowing when to ask for a card or stand. Undoubtedly, the decision to ask for a letter or stand is crucial, however, the success lies in knowing when to fold the bet or separate a hand.
To understand the basic strategy of BlackJack, we classify the dealer’s card as follows depending on its value:
Weak card : A card with a value from 2 to 6, especially 5 and 6. The chances of the dealer passing over when his uncovered card has a value of 2 to 6 is more than 35%, becoming more than 40% for values 5 or 6.
Strong card : Letter with a value of 7 to the AS, in these cases the dealer has more than 35% to get a practically winning hand (hand with a value of 17 to 20).
Crupier Uncovered Card
Weakness / Strength of the dealer’s discovered card
The foundation of the basic strategy is based on the strength / weakness of your discovered card and the player’s hand . The rules of the basic BlackJack strategy follow the following logic:
Stand with a hand of hard cards greater than 12 (exception: with 12 a letter is requested if the dealer’s card is a 2 or a 3) in front of a weak dealer card (from 2 to 6) waiting for the dealer to pass.
To stand when you have a practically winning hand , when we talk about a practically winning hand they are hands from 17 to 20, asking for a letter would be too risky.
Ask for a card , although most of the time the result is to pass, with a hand of hard cards as long as it is not a hand with great chances of winning (from 17 to 20), and the dealer has a strong card (from 7 to AS), before a strong dealer’s card you have to try to improve the hand score because there are many possibilities for the dealer to get a good score.
Fold your hand when the dealer has a weak card (2 to 6) to take advantage of the advantage of playing against a weak dealer card.
Fold with the hands of hard cards that add 10 (except the dealer has a 10 or an AS) or 11 * (except the dealer has an AS), there is a good chance that the third card is a card with a value of 10 (in each deck of 52 cards there are 16 cards with value 10).
Separate the hand when the dealer has a weak card (2 to 6) to get the most out of a hand where the dealer has a weak card.
Always separate 8’s and Aces because in the deck what abounds are the cards with a value of 10, 16 cards of the 52 cards that a deck has a value of 10, (four 10’s, four J’s, four Q’s, four K’s). However, you should never separate two cards with a value of 10, a hand with 20 points is too good to be separated.
Following the above reasoning, the basic Blackjack strategy establishes the following rules :
When to Request Letter or Plant
Two cases differ, depending on whether the player’s cards are hard cards or soft cards . It is said that a player’s cards are soft cards if one of his cards is an AS and this card can take the value 11 without exceeding the score of 21. Knowing this, the basic BlackJack strategy establishes the following rules on when to order or stand
In hard cards:
Planted if the initial hand totals 17 points or more.
Ask for a letter if our initial hand totals 8 points or less.
If the dealer’s discovered card is a 7 or higher, a letter must be requested if our initial cards total 12 to 16 points.
If the dealer’s discovered card is from 2 to 6, be planted if the sum of our initial cards is 12 to 16 points, except when the sum is 12 and the dealer’s letter is 2 or 3, in that case ask for a letter.
In soft letters.
Stand with a soft 19 or 20 soft.
Stand with a soft 18 if the dealer’s uncovered card is a 2.7 or 8.
Ask for a letter with a soft 18 if the dealer has a 9, 10 or AS. (See section on folding because in some cases you will have to fold if the casino allows it)
Ask for a letter whenever you have a soft 17 or less. (see section of folding because in some cases it will be necessary to fold)